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Tuesday, January 31, 2023

Toyota sees hydrogen-combustion Corolla Cross as EV

Toyota sees hydrogen-combustion Corolla Cross as EV,

Toyota believes hydrogen combustion engines may very well be a viable different to EVs, and it is demonstrating the idea with a prototype model of its Corolla Cross.

On Tuesday, the automaker unveiled the hydrogen-combustion Corolla Cross H2 Idea, saying in a press launch that the automobile would start testing in northern Japan this winter. It did not talk about a manufacturing timeline, however stated it is “round 40% alongside the trail to commercialization.”

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Toyota is closely concerned in hydrogen gasoline cells, however this Corolla Cross has an internal-combustion engine—a 1.6-liter turbo-3 taken from the GR Corolla sizzling hatchback—that burns gaseous hydrogen in its cylinders as a substitute of gasoline. The engine received a hydrogen-specific direct injection system, and the automobile was fitted with hydrogen tanks based mostly on know-how from the Toyota Mirai, however aside from that it largely resembles a gasoline automobile. It even has a guide transmission.

Toyota Corolla Cross H2 Concept

Toyota Corolla Cross H2 Idea

The Corolla Cross prototype incorporates classes discovered from motorsports. Toyota introduced earlier final yr that it was growing hydrogen-combustion engines for racing, and has since demonstrated them within the Japanese Tremendous Taikyu endurance-racing collection and in a non-competition run on a World Rally Championship (WRC) stage in Belgium.

Over the course of 1 Tremendous Taikyu season, Toyota claims it elevated horsepower by 24% and torque by 33%, attaining efficiency it claims is corresponding to that of gasoline engines. Toyota stated it additionally elevated vary by 30% and diminished refueling time from roughly 5 minutes to at least one and a half minutes.

Previous to Toyota, BMW was probably the most noteworthy instance of demonstrating hydrogen combustion as an different to gasoline cells; it made a hydrogen internal-combustion model of its 7-Sequence practically 20 years in the past. Whereas a number of the drivability (and vary) problems with that mannequin could also be solved by now, one main situation stays.

Toyota Corolla Cross H2 Concept

Toyota Corolla Cross H2 Idea

Toyota believes hydrogen combustion “illustrates one other potential different path to zero emissions.” It is unclear what the automaker means by that, nevertheless, as a result of hydrogen combustion does produce some tailpipe emissions, together with nitrogen oxide (NOx)—the pollutant on the core of the Volkswagen diesel scandal.

Toyota argues that hydrogen combustion will obtain some degree of emissions discount whereas leveraging present fossil gasoline infrastructure and sidestepping environmental points associated to battery-mineral mining. Even when inexperienced hydrogen is able to scale up this decade, as current evaluation predicts, it stays unknown how Toyota may deal with tailpipe emissions in such a automobile.

The experimental automobile is extra proof that Toyota would not plan to place all of its eggs within the battery basket. This week it additionally confirmed a C-HR plug-in hybrid idea and confirmed these powertrains nonetheless have a future in its lineup. The automaker has reportedly paused EV improvement because it considers a deeper dedication to battery electrical automobiles. However this week’s ideas do not altogether counsel that an upped EV goal could be the end result.

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